Behold, the power of belief is revealed, and there, thrown aside, is the truth.
The word enthusiasm represents to many people energy and passion. It has a more extreme sense, indicating a sort of enflaming of the spirit or becoming filled with spirit, or filled with a god. Enthusiasm in sound and meaning is related to inspiration, to be inspired, to receive something from outside of one’s self of meaning and importance.
Trump rallies during the recent election were overflowing with enthusiasm, or, as Trump and many witnesses and journalists described it, love. Attendees often experienced a sort of euphoria.
The Bible describes Jesus’ version of campaign rallies as creating similar sensations. People shed tears of joy in his presence, and fall to his feet. Their pains washed away, and they felt whole.
In both cases, belief in the power of another to heal one’s self is essential. Jesus heals no one that does not believe. To feel the joy, the excitement, the enthusiasm, the inspiration, belief is primary. And this belief is contagious. Seeing is believing, and being in the company of others who are visibly transformed, even if but temporarily, can be very compelling.
Is it a good thing or a bad thing to become enthusiastic? One factor is whether the enthusiasm is sustainable. An arthritic old woman attending a tent revival might feel healed in the moment but then shortly returned to her original misery. Was the moment worth it? It seems not. More like a nasty tease.
Is enthusiasm ever sustainable? It would seem so, if it is manifested properly. The enthusiasm can keep burning if the belief that ignited it avoids counterfactuals. The arthritic woman cannot keep believing for very long when her hands continue aching. She may cling to the belief out of desperation and stubbornness, but the enthusiasm will die out. In contrast, believing in Trump is believing we are on our way to a better place. This is a belief that is more shielded from counterfactuals. It is easier to convince one self that things are on the path to getting better, and to dismiss as part of the journey anything that starts going wrong. It is easier to convince oneself that the leader or prophet is well intentioned and of good character, even in the presence of counterfactual claims, so long as the leader keeps denying those claims in a manner that is plausible and projects confidence.
Is believing in Trump like believing in Jesus? If we apply the same reasoning, belief in Trump has serious disadvantages to belief in Jesus. The counterfactuals to Trump’s vision will continue mounting up, because the vision is one of how the physical world–specifically the United States of America– is going to change over the next few years. He resort to the blame game to possibly get a second term of office, but unless Trump can truly deliver, there will be no second and third generation Trump believers. Belief in Jesus, on the other hand, seems completely immune from worldly refutation. The Bible frames Jesus’ teaching as a moral and spiritual guide, not as a political playbook for national restoration. To the extent that the Bible can make people feel morally empowered and spiritually accommodated, this sort of religious enthusiasm can burn for centuries amidst any worldly condition or series of events.
Belief in Jesus does face serious challenges of its own, however. Believing in Jesus requires some sort of positive assessment of the accounts of Jesus’ divinity and the miracles he performed in the world. The challenge is stark in a world where miracles have been debunked and banished from the minds of many people as even remotely possible. To the extent that belief and enthusiasm are contagious among attendees at a revival or political rally, so too are disbelief and cynicism easily spread throughout a gathering, community, or entire civilization. Christianity’s threat is more from widespread cynicism regarding its reports of miracles than it is from failing to deliver on its promises, which are otherworldly. Its thread of connection to this world, the historical factuality of Jesus’s recorded miracles, is the weakness, as are the in-coming facts of Trump’s developing record for turning his promised campaign dream into reality, as are the facts of the tent revivalist’s ability to actually have healed the sick. The particular facts that undergird any particular form of enthusiasm–be they religious or political in nature– are always vulnerable to assault from counterfactuals.
Returning to the original question of whether enthusiasm is sustainable and therefore possibly good for the individual experiencing it, it would seem the strongest form of enthusiasm is that which is most immune from counterfactuals. Miracles having occurred long ago seem to fit the bill here much more than present miracles as in any tent revival healing (which can be immediately debunked) or short-term prophesying, which either comes true or it doesn’t (and usually doesn’t). Can people absorb–not fully accept, but see, hear, and understand– the counterfactual to Christianity that miracles likely do not exist and continue to believe in the Bible?
To answer this, I think we need to leave the question of sustainability of enthusiasm to the side and address the larger question head on of whether enthusiasm itself is a good thing. Perhaps if we see that it is a good thing, that helps answer whether it is sustainable. To the extent that enthusiasm is inherently at war with counterfactuals, would it not be better to drop enthusiasm altogether and live in a world fully immersed in the intellectual experience of sorting through all of the facts of the world and rising above our flawed opinions and prejudices to the ever-emerging establishment of human knowledge?
It’s not so easy to reflexively say yes when we bring back into focus all of the good that enthusiasm does for people. To be made whole, to be healed, to be inspired — is it rational to abandon all these things, only in order to embrace perhaps an existential ideal of the noble struggle of the hyper-rational soul, sick, lame and wounded, refusing crutches, bandages, balms, or potions of any kind?
Is there a good enthusiasm, one that truly helps its host, but avoids the horror of those enthusiasms that cannot be restrained by anything? A good enthusiasm that avoids turning factual reality into an illusion and running roughshod over everyone and everything that stands in its way? A good enthusiasm that is self-aware of its loosed relationship with factual reality, while remaining loyal and respectful of that reality?