A common reason people will give for not voting is that they don’t feel that their vote matters. And, as individuals, it really doesn’t matter that much. It only matters when groups of people collectively decide whether or not to vote that really changes an election outcome. So your vote matters to the extent that you are a member of a variety of groups with collective power dependent on individuals like you getting with the program.
There is something similar going on for those lacking a personal connection to God. Here I mean those that believe in God, or at least aren’t against the idea, but think in any case that individuals cannot have a personal relationship to God. The instinct here I think is the same as with the voting efficacy issue: I am just one person in the vast sea of people, what do I matter to an election dependent on millions of votes or to a God that has created everyone and everything.
This is an interesting connection because there may be implications for how our religious beliefs and our political behavior are related to each other. Maybe those that are able to form in their mind and heart a personal connection to God also find it easier to overcome the voter efficacy concern. Maybe it inflates your sense of self-importance. Liberal democracy did after all emerge out of Christian nations (not to say that they were thus founded as Christian nations), and Christianity does push this personal relationship with Jesus (and for some, with the Saints as well).
Is there something similar between not seeing how government affects your life and not seeing how Jesus’s sacrifice affects your life? Both are far away, both in the original place and time of the decisions and acts that lead to the follow on effects, and in the invisible nature those effects can work their ways into our lives. Maybe the sense that we are anonymous in the eyes of our government reinforces the idea that we must too be anonymous in the eyes of God. Is there any reason to think that this isn’t true? Is it still possible to believe in a personal God? Or to feel personally saved by the Resurrection? Or to still feel as a citizen that you both are ruling and are ruled in turn?
One assumption that might be worth questioning is whether our spiritual identity might not pattern after our voting identity. Meaning, perhaps it is wrong to think of ourselves as discrete spiritual essences as it is problematic to think of ourselves as atomized, inefficacious voters, as was discussed above. By relaxing this assumption, we can begin speculating how our spiritual identity might be intertwined with others in such a way (again, think voting blocs) that a genuine personal connection to God (like a genuine personal connection to an election outcome) could be recovered.